Along the Calusa Heritage Trail, Pineland, Lee County, FL 2011

A stand of gumbo limbo trees on the trail


When archaeologist Frank Hamilton Cushing came to the former Calusa settlement on Pine Island in 1896, he marveled at the complex array of at least a dozen mounds, hand-dug canals, and a man-made lake. The Indian city was “so vast,’’ he wrote, “that I could scarcely believe it to have been artificial, wholly the work of human hands.’’

Next: Mt. Royal, Putnam County, FL 2010